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Pharmacy disciplines


Pharmacy Disciplines

The disciplines of Pharmacy will instruct you how to prepare medicines, how medicines are prepared, and how to establish the dosages that the patients should receive so that they can recuperate from illness or remain healthy.

The field of Pharmacy can normally be divided into four main disciplines:
  • Pharmaceutics
  • Medicinal chemistry and Pharmacognosy
  • Pharmacy practice
  • Pharmacology

Pharmaceutics

Pharmaceutics is the discipline of pharmacy dealing with all aspects of the process of turning a new chemical entity (NCE) into a medication able to be carefully and successfully used by patients in the society. Pharmaceutics is the science of dosage form design. There are a lot of chemicals with known pharmacological properties but a rare chemical is of no use to a patient. Pharmaceutics deals with the formulation of an authentic drug substance into a dosage.

Pharmaceutical chemistry

Pharmaceutical chemistry is a scientific discipline at the connection of chemistry and pharmacy concerned with designing and developing pharmaceutical drugs. Medicinal chemistry necessitates the identification, synthesis and development of new chemical entities appropriate for therapeutic use. It also contains the study of existing drugs, their biological properties, and their Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSAR).

Pharmacy Practice

Pharmacy Practice is the discipline of pharmacy that implies developing the professional roles of pharmacists.

Areas of Pharmacy Practice include:
  • Disease-state management
  • Clinical interventions
  • Professional development
  • Pharmaceutical Care
  • Communication skills
  • Health psychology
  • Patient care
  • Preventing drug abuse
  • Preventing drug/drug interactions or drug/food interactions

Pharmacology

Pharmacology is related with understanding the action of drugs in the body. Attention is given to the effects of diverse doses of each medicinal substance and to the diverse methods in which medicine can be introduced into the body.

The effects of venoms and the means to overcome them are examined in toxicology. Normally, animal tests are needed to learn the effects of drugs. Physicians possess a great familiarity with the pharmacology and toxicology; yet, as the specialist about drugs, the pharmacist must preserve this information to an even greater extent.